Faking It

Faking It

Manipulated Photography Before Photoshop

Book - 2012
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Photographic manipulation is a familiar phenomenon in the digital era. What will come as a revelation to readers of this captivating, wide-ranging book is that nearly every type of manipulation we associate with Adobe's now-ubiquitous Photoshop software was also part of photography's predigital repertoire, from slimming waistlines and smoothing away wrinkles to adding people to (or removing them from) pictures, not to mention fabricating events that never took place. Indeed, the desire and determination to modify the camera image are as old as photography itself--only the methods have changed.

By tracing the history of manipulated photography from the earliest days of the medium to the release of Photoshop 1.0 in 1990, Mia Fineman offers a corrective to the dominant narrative of photography's development, in which champions of photographic "purity," such as Paul Strand, Edward Weston, and Henri Cartier-Bresson, get all the glory, while devotees of manipulation, including Henry Peach Robinson, Edward Steichen, and John Heartfield, are treated as conspicuous anomalies. Among the techniques discussed on these pages--abundantly illustrated with works from an international array of public and private collections--are multiple exposure, combination printing, photomontage, composite portraiture, over-painting, hand coloring, and retouching. The resulting images are as diverse in style and motivation as they are in technique. Taking her argument beyond fine art into the realms of politics, journalism, fashion, entertainment, and advertising, Fineman demonstrates that the old adage "the camera does not lie" is one of photography's great fictions.

Publisher: New York : Metropolitan Museum of Art, [2012]
Copyright Date: ©2012
ISBN: 9780300185010
Branch Call Number: 771 FIN
Characteristics: xvi, 280 pages :,illustrations (some color) ;,28 cm


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Sep 27, 2018

Adobe funded & collaborated with highbrow museums to show photo manipulation was prevalent since its invention. Reporters, newspaper owners, artists, politicians, astute entrepreneurs & DIY amateurs all used them for fun, profit & propaganda in oversized book.
Books shows what tools & methods were used throughout the years before digital photography with 276 photographic examples.
Digital photography exposed how amateur & fake looking analog photography manipulation.

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