The Devastating Impact on Canada's Indigenous Peoples and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's Findings and Calls for ActionBook - 2016
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This book outlines the history and impact of Canada's residential schools and summarizes the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's ninety-four calls to action. (For older readers.)
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The federal government of Canada has estimated that at least 150,000 First Nation, Métis, and Inuit students passed through the aboriginal school system between 1878 to 1996. The death toll at the residential schools has been estimated to be from 3,000 to as high as 6,000. Most of these deaths occurred before 1940 when the mortality rate was about double the death rate for non-aboriginal children. As of December 2012 a total of $1.62 billion has been paid to 78,750 former students from the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement. This book chronicles this tragedy in words and pictures.
At one time or another, 144 residential schools existed in Canada. Their purpose was not only to educate First Nations children, but also to force their assimilation into “white” culture. More than 150,000 children were removed from their families to attend these schools, destroying many families and lives in the process.
When students were finally able to return home, they often discovered that they didn’t fit in anymore. Many could no longer speak their language. They had forgotten their customs, their way of life and the foods on which they grew up. They had even been given English names.
Not until 1996 did the last residential school in Canada close its doors (“Gordon’s School”, Punnichy, Saskatchewan).
In 2008, the Canadian government apologized to survivors of residential schools. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission was launched to gather survivors’ stories in order to create an official record. In 2015, the Final Report of the Commission issued 94 calls to action.
Photos, images, links to video clips and other online resources are included in this educative, well-written book.
** Recommended for ages 10 years and up.
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